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Some common complications of pregnancy

• High blood pressure.
• Gestational diabetes
• Preeclampsia
• Miscarriage
• Preterm labor
• Stillbirth.
• Iron-deficiency anemia

High blood pressure

High blood pressure is also called hypertension. When artery carrying blood from the heart to the body organs .

Artery have a narrow lumen . This cause pressure to increase in the arteries.

During pregnancy this can make it hard for blood to arrive the placenta. Which supply nutrients, oxygen to the fetus. Decrease blood flow can slow the growth of the fetus and situation the mother at greater risk of preterm labor and preeclampsia.

High blood pressure it develops in pregnancy is called gestational hypertension. Mainly,gestational hypertension occurs during the second half of pregnancy and goes away after delivery.

Gestational diabetes

It is diagnosed the first time during pregnancy. Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects how your cells utilize glucose.

Gestational diabetes causes high blood glucose that can affect your baby’s health and your pregnancy.
Mainly, the body digest food and convert into a Sugar called glucose.

In human body a major source of energy is glucose. After digestion the glucose reach into the blood to give your body energy.

In gestational diabetes, hormonal changes during pregnancy cause the body do not make enough insulin, or not use it normally. so the glucose builds up in your blood, causing diabetes.


Preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication depicts by high blood pressure and signs of damage to another organ system, mostly often the liver and kidneys. Preeclampsia usually start after 20 weeks of pregnancy in women whose blood pressure is normal.

Rarely, preeclampsia evolve after delivery of a baby, this condition known as postpartum preeclampsia.



A miscarriage, or spontaneous abortion, is an occurrence that results in the loss of a fetus before 20 weeks of pregnancy. when happens during the first trimester, or first three months, of the pregnancy.


• Vaginal bleeding
• Heavy spotting
• Mild to severe back pain
• Severe abdominal pain or cramping
• Release of tissue or fluid from your vagina

Preterm labor

Preterm labor conditions show in patient .when happen regular contractions result in the opening of your cervix after week 20 and before week 37 of pregnancy.

Preterm labor responsible for premature birth. The earlier premature birth happens, this cause can create a high risk on health for your baby. Many premature babies (preemies) need specific care in the neonatal intensive care unit. It is normally that Premature baby can suffer have long-term mental and physical disabilities.


A stillbirth is a situation when a fetus dies after the 20th week of pregnancy. The baby can have died in the uterus weeks or hours before labor. Probably the baby may die during labor. Prenatal care has available for these conditions

Iron-deficiency anemia

Anemia is a situation when Difficiency of red blood cells in blood.Having very few red blood cells makes it harder for your blood to carry oxygen or iron. This cause can affect how to cells work in nerves and muscles.

During pregnancy, your baby also required your blood.
During pregnancy, your baby utilize your red blood cells for growth and development,In particular in the last 3 months of pregnancy.

If you have superfluous red blood cells stored in your bone marrow before you get pregnant, your body can utilize those stores during pregnancy.

Women who don’t have enough iron stores can cause to get iron-deficiency anemia. This is the most simplest type of anemia in pregnancy. Good nutrition taking before getting pregnant is important to help build up these stores.

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  1. Great post, I sadly suffered a miscarriage a few years ago and in my last pregnancy was managed for essential hypertension which was fortunately controlled much better than when I wasn’t pregnant! I also had gestational diabetes and anaemia so can totally relate. I have documented this all in my blog so feel free to peruse. Thanks again x

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Hi, I’m Dr. Jhone,
    I have read this article and it has contained much information and also very accurate. Thanks to the writer of this article for sharing knowledge with us.
    Also, I would like to add some more details i have found via the article about : Anemia in pregnancy stage

    Dr. Jhone

    Liked by 1 person

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