All atoms contain charged protons and charged electrons. Electricity is a flow of charged electrons from one place to a different. Once electrons area unit transferred between substances, it will cause a buildup of charge in one place and electric charge in another generally with powerful results.
Inside storm clouds small particies of ice rub against one another and electrons area unit transferred between particles. This ends up in a buildup of charge at all-time low of the cloud. If this charge becomes massive enough, it will jump between clouds or a cloud and therefore the ground during a large bolt of electricity, referred to as lightning.
When electrical charge builds up in one place it’s referred to as electricity. If you rub your hair on a balloon, electrons area unit transferred from your hair to the balloon. This offers your hair a electric charge and therefore the balloon a charge. Particles with opposite charge attracted towards one another therefore your hair can attracts the balloon.
The electricity that powers our homes is thought as dynamic electricity. It flows from power plants to our homes and offices on long electrical cables that area unit made up of conducting materials. These cables supported by towers that protected against this by ceramic insulators.
The electricity we have a tendency to use around our homes and to power our gadgets is created in many ways that. It will be generated in large power plants situated remote. On a smaller scale, things like flashlights and cell phones will be supercharged by batteries that offer electricity whenever we would like.
Batteries store energy in chemicals. once a battery is place into a circuit it makes a current flow round the circuit. Batteries terribly helpful for tiny electrical devices that don’t would like a lot of power, or for devices that need to be transportable.