WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of United Nations. WHO was established on 7th April 1948. The headquarters of WHO is located in Geneva. WHO serves as the directing and coordinating authority for International health matters and public health.
First global health organization. In latter half of 19 th century, severe cholera epidemics was occurred. At that time, series of international sanitary conferences were held in Europe to co-ordinate policy & practice around quarantine & disease management. The League of Nations established a health organization in 1920.
Establishment of the United Nations is in 1945, marked as a period of aggressive internationalism & international organization building & though health was not initially thought to be under the U.N.
After its motion started by Brazilian & Chinese delegates to establish an international health organization and that was generally accepted.
A group of health experts, working on emergency relief in World War II were charged with the task of drafting a constitution to define the structure & mandate of the body that would become known as the World Health Organization (WHO).
Finally, WHO’s constitution came into force on 7 th April 1948. This date celebrates every year as “ WORLD HEALTH DAY” by all over world.
OBJECTIVE OF WHO
To develop & implement multisectorial public policies for health, integrated gender- & age- sensitive approaches that facilitate community empowerment, together with action for health promotion, self-care & health protection throughout the life course in cooperation with the relevant national and International partners.
TO BE CONTINUE…