Features of Indian Constitution – by priya prakash

The constitution is the supreme law of India.

Every country has its own constitution. Some are written and some are oral. But what makes
India’s constitution so different ?

There are many salient features which make Indian constitution distinguished from the constitution of other countries.

Some of the important features of Indian constitution are as follows:

Written Constitution:

• It is the broad and langthiest written constitution of the world because of the vast geography and diversity of India.

• It contains principles of governance and detailed administrative provisions.

• Originally, it contained a Preamble, 395 Articles and 8 Schedules (At present, 465 articles and 12 schedules). That are divided into 22 parts. At present, there is 25 parts.

• Indian Constitution has borrowed provisions from almost every constitution of the world.

• Dr B.R.Ambedkar had proudly claimed that “The Constitution of India has been framed by ransacking all the known Constitutions of the World”.

• But the framers had made moderations in the provisions in order to suit Indian conditions.

Rigid and Flexible:

• The laws in Indian constitution can be amended from time to time.

• According to Article 368, some provisions can be amended by a special majority of the Parliament as change in fundamental rights and some provisions can be amended by special majority of Parliament and also ratification by half of the total states legistature as change in method of election of president, while some can be amended by a simple majority of Parliament.

Unitary & Federal system:

• It contains federal features like bicameralism, independent judiciary, two governments, written constitution, etc.

• It contains unitary features like single citizenship, single constitution, flexible constitution, integrated judiciary, etc.

• Even though it has features of both, “federation” word is no where used in

• In the constitution, India has been described as the “Union of states”.

Parliamentry form of government:

• According to constitution, Prime Minister plays the most crucial and vital role.

India’s parliamentary form of government is at both levels, state and central.

• Both nominated and elected executives are present in Parliament.

• It was introduced in constitution so that citizens will be united irrespective of their diversities.

Single Citizenship:

• According to this, all citizens enjoy the same rights of citizenship all over the country.

Even though over the years, the constitution of India has been altered, but the basic structure still remains the same. (There is also dual citizenship only for business point of view for all the countries accept Pakistan and Bangladesh

This post is written by priya prakash

Visit her blog and appreciate her effort.

Here is the link of her blog – priyaslearningcentre.wordpress.com

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