BREATHING and its importance?

In this article we’ll discuss the process of breathing and why it is so important for us.

To understand the cycle and concept of breathing, we should look at the definition of breathing firstly.

Breathing supplies oxygen to the lungs and eliminates carbon dioxide

We breathe air to survive, which contains oxygen, which is necessary for life

Air is enter and exit from lungs through the nose.

Firstly air is taken in through the nostrils. This is the first step of breathing

Inhaled air takes moisture from mucus and warmed from underlying blood vessels , and filtered from nose hair.

After moistened, warmed and filtered air travels through the mouth and nasal passages.

It then passes through the trachea, and trachea is the connection between the throat and the lungs.

Trachea is divided into two bronchi, air is passes through one of them.

After passing into the many bronchioles, it finally arrives into some of the millions of tiny sacs called alveoli.

This is where gas exchange takes place – oxygen passes out of the air into the blood, and carbon dioxide passes out of the blood into the air in the alveoli.

Below the lungs, there is a flat powerful muscle called diaphragm.

The diaphragm contracts and relaxes, and as it does so, the volume of the chest increases and decreases to suck air into the lungs and then force it out.

To be continue……



Arrhythmia is a disorder of the heart that affects the heart rate . An arrhythmia represent an irregular heartbeat. With this condition, a person’s heart can beat ———-

• too fast (tachycardia)
• too slow (bradycardia)
• too early (premature contraction)
• too erratically (fibrillation

Arrhythmias occur when the electrical impulse that regulate heartbeats are not working properly.

An irregular heartbeat can feel as a racing heart or fluttering.
Brain, lungs and other vital organs can be affected by the Arrhythmias.


• difficulty breathing
• chest pain
• Sweating
• dizziness or lightheadedness
• fainting, or almost fainting
• fatigue


• Atrial fibrillation
• Atrial flutter
• Supraventricular tachycardia
• Ventricular tachycardia
• Ventricular fibrillation


• High blood pressure
• Hyperthyroidism
• Smoking
• Stress
• Alcohol abuse
• Diabetes
• Exercise
• Drinking too much coffee
• Heart disease, such as congestive

heart failure

• Some medications
• Structural changes in the heart


• Antiarrhythmic drugs
• Surgery


• Cardiac arrest
• Heart failure
• Dementia
• Stroke

Thank you




Pyelonephritis is a kidney infection. It causes one and both kidneys are swell .

Pyelonephritis can be life-threatening. It can be infected by bacteria or virus.

The main function of kidney remove waste and take extra water from blood.

Kidney is a part of urinary system, which makes liquid waste (Urine) and remove it from your body.
Kidney filter the blood and make urine.

Ureters carry urine from kidney or through the bladder.
Bladder hold the urine before the micturition.

Urethra carries urine from your bladder to outside your body.
Bacteria entered through urethra begin the multiplying and spread up to the bladder and travel by ureter and they reach kidney or infected the kidney.


Symptoms are showing aproximetly within two days of infection.
• Nausea
• Vomiting
• Vomiting
• Fatigue
• Fever
• Fishy smelling urine
• Frequent urination
• Pus and blood in the urine
• Burning and painful urination

Infection complication

• Kidney damage
• Severe infection
• Septicaemia
• Problem in pregnancy


E. Coli a most common bacteria which is responsible for this. And other bacteria and virus can cause urinary infection.
This is rare that the bacteria enter skin and travel in the blood and reach the kidney.


A Deadly tumor is called brain cancer. they grows sharply and often strike or mob healthy areas of the brain.

Tumour is either be benign and malignant.

Malignant is cancerous

Benign brain tumors have not consist cancer cells and are usually slow growing.

Brain tumors are two different types. primary or metastatic.

Primary brain tumors start within the brain.

A metastatic tumor is made when cancer cells situated elsewhere in the body break down away and travel to the brain.

For this reason, metastatic brain tumors are nearly every time malignant, while primary brain tumors may be benign or deadly.

Brain tumors are arranged in classes or categories based on where the tumor is situated , the type of tissue involved .

the tumor is benign or deadly , and other factors. If a tumor is laid down malignant.

The tumor cell is examined by a microscope to determine how malignant they are.

Based on this analysis, tumors are rated, or graded, where level of malignancy from least to most malignant.

Factors that determine the tumor grade include how quickly the cells are growing, how much blood is supplying the cells, the presence of dead cells in the middle of the tumor (necrosis), if the cells are finit to a specific area, and how similar the cancerous cells are not normal cells.


• Blurred vision
• Headache
• Loss of balance
• Seizures
• Tingling and stiffness


* Pineal tumor
• Astrocytomas
• Acoustic neuroma
• Choroid plexus papilloma
• Vascular tumors
• Chordomas
• Ependymomas
• Craniopharyngiomas
• Schwannomass
• Ganglioneuromas
• Meningiomas
• Glioblastoma multiforme
• Gliomas
• Oligodendroglioma
• Pituitary adenomas
• Primitive neuroectodermal


Brain tumor are remove by surgery and other way like radiation therapy and chemotherapy, target therapy.

to be continue…